Local knowledge or local wisdom is a knowledge that is owned by the society and inherited hereditary as well as used to support their social lives. The local knowledge consists of various social knowledge in various fields such as farming, oceanography, and health. Some embodiment of local knowledge in the health field are traditional medication that uses natural materials, and child care that applies a local wisdom approach. An example of the local wisdom is when tsunami occurred in Aceh in which many fisherman living in Simeulue Island had found out the initial signs of Tsunami from their ancestors’ story which was hereditary told. According to their ancestors, when earthquake happened and it was followed by the receding sea water, they must climb to the plateau. In 2004, a severe earthquake happened in Aceh and it was followed by the residing sea water. Further, the tsunami would occur soon afterwards. In this case, they succeeded in staying alive because they climb to the plateau.
For the time being, in this globalization era which is marked by border-less countries and cultures, the information creation and dissemination are getting faster and those have made the society slowly forget their inherited local knowledge. The advancement of information and communication technology is inseparable from the science development which produces new innovations in creating useful products. That phenomenon appeared suddenly, but it came from the local or the traditional knowledge developed by the local people which is, then, further developed to be a new knowledge that kept being updated. Further, the local knowledge and other current developing knowledge could become data and information to predict the knowledge development in the future, so that the future development can be predicted since now.
Based on the current fact, the knowledge are not administered and saved well. Furthermore, the local knowledge is owned by the elders, and it is very hard to be documented. Therefore, it is greatly feared that we may lose the knowledge because it may lead to the loss of a civilization. Considering those things, the information institution and the actors within the institution have a responsibility to manage and save the knowledge properly and correctly, so that it could be used by the next generation.
The conference theme, Local Knowledge, Past, Present, and Future, can be interpreted that the traditional or local knowledge has been an issue for Library and Information Science. In this case, the information institutions and professionals collectively attempt to collect, store, disseminate, and use the traditional knowledge in various media. Besides, the traditional knowledge can be the identity of the society and the nation that should be preserved, so that the future generations could still take advantage of it.
We hope that the conference will generate ideas or new perspectives in collecting, managing, packaging, publishing, and utilizing the traditional knowledge. The new ideas produced from the practitioners, the academicians, and the culture observers will be really helpful for the advancement of the local knowledge management.
This year is the 3rd of ICRL (International Conference on Record and Library). The 1st ICRL was held on 10-11 October 2015 in Garuda Mukti room of campus C Universitas Airlangga. The theme of the conference was ‘Reinventing the Information Professionals‘. The 2nd ICRL was held in Ibis Surabaya Center Hotel on 12-13 October 2016. The theme of the conference was ‘Transforming Information in the New Media”. The conference organizer is Diplome of Library, Fakultas Vokasi, Universitas Airlangga.
- To build a simultaneous scientific communication among information professionals and exchange knowledge to solve issues related to the local knowledge.
- To establish a forum which may lead to the creation of innovations in the fields of the local knowledge management.